Citation grounded questions in Ethics Integrity and Aptitude paper (General Studies Paper 4) are one of the worrisome areas. The reason for being them worrisome are, they look veritably easy to break and applicants also just take them easy and use general approach to break and this all leads to general marking and as a result less marks in Paper 4 and of course occasionally in UPSC MAINS.
Still, also Moral thinkers’unit in Ethics Paper is veritably important not only from the Ethics paper point of view but it can be used in other subjects too especially in Essay, If verity is being told.
So, then we first learn how the applicants should attack the citation- grounded questions and also we will see the exemplifications from this time question paper and also frame for them.
Before explaining I want to give the credit to Tirthankar Sir’s Ethics classes from EDEN IAS and EDEN IAS Ethics Paper Analysis. One can pierce the discussion by using the following link
What should be the Approach for Working the Citation grounded Question in Ethics Paper?
Step 1-First and foremost thing is the applicant should explain the quotation by taking the help of ethical propositions. Areas could be
• Values and Feelings
• Aptitude and Foundational Values
• Emotional Intelligence
• Moral Thinkers
• Probity and Governance
Step 2 After decrypting the citation try to punctuate analogous training from colorful areas similar as
• Colorful International Conventions
• Colorful Proponents
Step 3 Quotation some exemplifications from the current happenings
Step 4 If quotations allow you also present contrary view too and also end your answer by giving a balanced conclusion.
Now let’s see some exemplifications from this time’s question paper. Total 3 quotation- grounded questions were asked. One from the section of Indian Champion and other from the current and western. Every time one question from the Indian Scholar is fixed and indeed from the Indian scholar section some scholars are fixed, which gets repeated similar as Mahatma Gandhi, Swami Vivekananda and Dayanand Sarasvatietc.
(a) “ Every work has got to pass through hundreds of difficulties before succeeding. Those that persist will see the light, sooner or latterly. -Swami Vivekananda
In this question’s answer first, we'd try to find the keywords around which it's revolving, most important keyword in this citation is “ perseverance”. The word is interpreted as attachment means one is going to stick to its thing, failures, bummers, opposition aren't going to hamper you. Also relate it to the station and values.
You can write how perseverance can be connected with the other noble values for illustration 3D’s which are relatively common in gospel, those are Determination, Fidelity and Discipline.
You can connect perseverance with Tolerance that's also bandied in Vedanta gospel.
Now for giving defense you could use colorful for exemplifications. Some of them are
Gautam Buddha, write how he subordinated himself to extreme austerity and intellectual debates of the loftiest order.
Nelson Mandela, he fights throughout his life against intolerance, faces jail terms but still did n’t give up and therefore his life is great illustration of perseverance.
A.P.J Abdul Kalam, coming from a humble background he vended journals but yet his passion for drugs and wisdom is what took him to the great heights. And how he discharged his duties in DRDO, in ISRO and also as a President of Republic of India is unmatched. Perseverance is what he always stressed, if one look or hear his speeches.
Thomas Elva Edison, after so numerous trials he actually discovered that it's tungsten which is the factual element for generating light.
Therefore, these are some exemplifications that can help you in backing up of your answer.
Note Mind it, it isn't an factual answer but the frame for your answer. This way you should answer the citation grounded questions.
Now coming to the alternate quotation.
(b) “ We can noway gain peace in the external world until and unless we gain peace within ourselves.” – Dalai Lama
The keyword in the citation is “ Peace”.
So, let’s crack the citation.
First, we should know what's the meaning of peace?
Peace is simply freedom from disturbances, peace can also be allowed of tranquillity or bone can say that peace is absence of conflict. It could have two instantiations, one in the external world (in developing transnational relations, peace in societyetc.) and other in inner peace. Inner peace refers to the peace of mind.
The quotation says that unless we aren't getting inner peace, we aren't be suitable to get external peace. So how effects get radiated from the inner peace. Take for illustration
The effects which get radiated from the inner peace helps in constructively erecting a fair society, inclusive society and tolerant society. Therefore, this inner peace helps in distributing the peace in the external world.
You can connect it with some exemplifications too.
(c) Life does n’t make any sense without interdependence. We need each other, and the sooner we learn that, it's better for us all.”-Erik Erikson word
The keyword in the answer is “ interdependence”.
If simply put interdependence is cooperation and collaboration.
Crack the citation by writing about the how we need interdependence in family, education ( integrated exploration), defence ( illustration interdependency of all the three forces), wisdom and technology, administration and governance, ecological system interdependence, civil arrangement, transnational relation, trade and commerceetc.
Also give some exemplifications similar as Herbert Spencer’s, survival of fittest, social Darwinism can be given as an illustration. In the same wayF.W. Nietzsche’s will to power can be related to this quotation. Also “ Will to Life” gospel can be used as a reference for backing the quotations.
So, this is the way to address the citation- grounded question. A normal or general answer will only be going to give you general marks. So, try to make it different.
Also Read: Ethics gs4
You can learn similar kind of tricks and reciprocity in EDEN IAS Ethics Classes.
They are best in the market.